The main benefits of an APA include: – the prevention of tax controls for APA-covered transactions (reducing costs and related efforts) and eliminating any transfer pricing adjustments: – removal of late interest and penalties for possible transfer pricing adjustments; Eliminating the costs of establishing the transfer pricing record for APA-covered transactions (during the period during which the APA is in effect); Avoid double taxation. AAAs – in the aforementioned sense – find their legal basis in the Double Taxation Conventions (DBA), in the respective articles on mutual agreement procedures. Germany has concluded DBA with more than 90 countries in the world. Most of these DBAs follow the OECD`s draft international agreement. The provisions on mutual agreement procedures are set out in Article 25, paragraphs 1 to 3, of the OECD Model Convention. 3. The period during which an APA can be considered must be significantly extended when dealing with foreign tax authorities. The new period is 24 months from the date an application is made. However, this cooling-off period may also be extended to 27 months, but may be suspended for periods during which foreign tax authorities submit documents as part of the DTT`s mutual agreement procedure. Upon receipt of the application, the BZSt verifies that all conditions (including the applicant`s agreement not to challenge the fees) for the execution of an APP procedure are met. An APP procedure is only implemented if the application is admissible and justified. In October 1999, the OECD published an update of the OECD guidelines on clearing prices for multinational companies and tax administrations in 1995 (the so-called «guidelines»).
This update takes the form of a new schedule to the guidelines, which contains guidelines for the implementation of ex ante price agreements as part of the Mutual Agreement Procedure (MAP-APAs). The annex is an integral part of the guidelines, as evidenced by the OECD Council`s decision of 28 October to amend its original recommendation on the 1995 guidelines to include the new guidelines in this annex. It therefore has the same status as the eight existing chapters of the guidelines. The bill aims to optimize the procedure for concluding advanced price agreements (`APA`) in order to define the conditions under which transactions can be considered controlled and to introduce other specific amendments to the provisions of the Russian tax code. Here are the models of applicants` declarations that the applicant must submit to the authorities after the signing of the pre-price agreement. The appendix begins with the definition of the different types of APA and describes the objectives of the APA process. The ability to participate in an APA MAP is considered with respect to contractual issues and other factors such as the audit status of the subject. Issues relating to multilateral GPAs (i.e., where there is more than one bilateral agreement) are also addressed. The central point of the annex deals in detail with the whole MAP-APA procedure, starting with the meetings before the presentation, on the presentation of a proposal, its evaluation by the tax authorities, the discussion and conclusion of the mutual agreement, the implementation of this mutual agreement and, finally, the follow-up of the agreement and a possible extension. While the Schedule focuses on the direction of tax authorities, it takes the opportunity to discuss how the taxpayer can best contribute to this process. 2.
Allow the subject to enter into a unilateral APA if the Russian and foreign tax authorities do not reach a mutual agreement after consideration of a draft APP.