Although slavery became illegal in Canada in 1834, Blacks in Canada did not effectively enjoy the same rights. Blacks had the same legal status as whites in Canada, but prejudices and informal, highly represented segregation practices led to pervasive discrimination against runaway slaves and Black Empire loyalists in the 19th century. Blacks could vote and sit on juries, but these rights were often challenged by white citizens. As mentioned in this chapter, Ontario (outside Toronto) and Nova Scotia passed racial school separation laws that remained in effect until 1965 in Ontario and 1983 in Nova Scotia (Black History Canada, 2014). For similar reasons, the immigration of Japanese men was reduced to 400 per year after 1907 and to 150 people per year after 1928. Their success in the fishing industry led the federal Fisheries Department to arbitrarily reduce Japanese trolling licences by a third in 1922. Like the Chinese, they were also exposed to a «yellow danger» hysteria. When the Japanese, many veterans of the 1905 Russo-Japanese War, successfully defended their community against white supremacist mobs during the 1907 anti-Asian riots in Vancouver, they were accused of smuggling a clandestine army into Canada (Sunahara-Oikawa, 2011). An even more ugly action was the creation of Japanese internment camps of the Second World War, which were previously discussed as an example of expulsion. The agreement became known as the Red Line Agreement because during negotiations between TPC members, none of the participants knew exactly what the borders of the Ottoman Empire were before the war.
Therefore, in one of the last encounters, Gulbenkian drew the boundaries of memory on a map of the Middle East with a red pencil. Indeed, the issue had been resolved long before in the negotiations between the British and French foreign ministries. Despite this, the name hung on. The final agreement establishing the consumer price index was signed in Ostend (Belgium) in July 1928. It contained the self-denial clause. However, sponsors expressed doubts about the real limits of the Ottoman Empire. Legend has it that at the time, Gulbenkian took a red pencil and drew a line around what he meant by «Ottoman Empire» – the Red Line. With the exception of Kuwait and Iran, the red line included most of what would become the region`s major oil-producing regions. The «red line» agreement is an agreement signed by partners of the Iraq Petroleum Company (CIP) on July 31, 1928.  The contract was signed between Anglo-Persian Company (later renamed British Petroleum), Royal Dutch/Shell, French Oil Company (later total), Near East Development Corporation (later renamed ExxonMobil) and Calouste Gulbenkian (an Armenian businessman).
The aim of the agreement was to formalize the structure of the IPC company and to link it to a «self-refusal clause» prohibiting one of its shareholders from independently seeking oil interests in the former Ottoman region. It marked the creation of a monopoly or an oil cartel of enormous influence that extended over a vast area. Deportation refers to a dominant group that forces a subordinate group to leave a particular territory or country. As can be seen in the examples of beothuk and the Holocaust, deportation can be a factor in genocide. But it can also be alone as a destructive group interaction. In the past, deportation has often been ethnically or racially. The great british displacement of Acadian Francophones from Nova Scotia from 1755 was perhaps the most infamous case of the application of deportation to deal with the problem of diversity in Canada. The British conquest of Acadia (which included present-day Nova Scotia and parts of New Brunswick, Quebec and Maine) in 1710 created the problem of French settlers who had lived there for 80 years. In the end, about three-quarters of the Acadian population was rounded up by British soldiers and loaded onto boats, without holding